Unlocking the Power of Health Safety and Welfare Practices:
Exploring the Impact on Organizational Citizenship Behavior in
Bangladesh’s Fish Processing Industry

Alamgir Hossain

Independent Researcher, Human Resource Management Discipline, Khulna University

Md. Mourtuza Ahamed

Associate Professor, Business Administration Discipline, Khulna University

Md. Mehedi Hasan

Assistant Professor, Human Resource Management Discipline, Khulna University

Sayed Azharul Islam

Assistant Professor, Human Resource Management Discipline, Khulna University

Khulna University Business Review – A Journal of Business Administration Discipline, Khulna University, BD
Volume 18, Number 1, January to December 2023, Pages 1-23
DOI: 10.35649/KUBR.2023..18.1.1
Published: February 2024
Published Online:
February 2024

Purpose: This study explores the relationship between Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) practices and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) among fish processing workers in Bangladesh. It seeks to understand how OHS practices impact employees’ voluntary, extra-role behaviors and contribute to organizational well-being.
Methods/Design/Approach: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of fish processing workers in Bangladesh. Data were collected using structured questionnaires that assessed vital variables, including OHS practices, OCB, and demographic information. Statistical analyses, including correlation and multiple regression, were employed through SPSS to examine the associations between OHS practices and OCB.
Findings: The findings of this study reveal several significant relationships; notably, health and safety policies and communication, health and safety rules, health and safety resource and training, and workplace welfare management were essential predictors of organizational citizenship behavior, highlighting the critical role of these organization health safety practices in fostering positive organizational citizenship behavior.
Practical Implications: These findings hold valuable practical implications for organizations in the fish processing industry and beyond. Organizations can enhance their workplace safety policies, regulations, and training programs by recognizing the positive impact of OHS practices on OCB. Additionally, investing in workplace welfare measures can promote a culture of voluntary contributions to the organization, ultimately benefiting employees and employers.
Originality: This study contributes to the literature by shedding light on the relationship between OHS practices and OCB in a specific and underexplored context: the fish processing industry in Bangladesh. It underscores the significance of OHS practices in driving positive workplace behaviors and organizational outcomes, enriching the body of knowledge on this subject